Educational mobility of second-generation Turks. Cross-national perspectives

front cover Schnell - CAT

This research volume investigates educational inequalities among children of Turkish immigrants in multiple North-Western European countries. Turks are one of the largest immigrant groups in this region, and they are among the most disadvantaged in terms of education. This study seeks the causes of variations in educational mobility of second-generation Turks across three European countries and five cities in Sweden, France, and Austria.

The findings show that differences are most pronounced in the Austrian education system. They can be seen clearly in France, and they are least pronounced in the Sweden. Cross-national differences are explained via an investigation of individual and institutional factors and the interactions between the two. The study underscores the importance of both individual characteristics and institutional ones. But the institutional arrangements of education systems are found to matter more for the outcome of this mobility process. In educational systems that provide more favourable institutional arrangements, educational mobility of second-generation Turks becomes less dependent on individual-level factors and resources, thus leading to greater educational achievement.

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“This methodologically sophisticated dissection of the roots of educational disadvantage among the children of Turkish immigrants in Austria, France, and Sweden subtly probes the interplay of family background, school experience, and educational systems.  It gives us the clearest  picture yet of what counts, when, and why.”

–       John Mollenkopf, Distinguished Professor, City University of New York Graduate Center

“ Of great interest not only to migration scholars and specialists in the education of children of migrant origin, but also to researchers in the sociology of education and others concerned with education in general.”

–       Rosa Aparicio Gómez, Instituto Universitario de Investigación José Ortega y Gasset

“The range of quantitative methods utilized in order to adopt different analytical angles is impressive … A clear contribution to the field.”

–       Can M. Aybek,  Bremen University of Applied Sciences


News Stories

– Newspapers [german] [english] [turkish]

– Arbeit & Wirtschaft [german]

– FORBA Trendreport [german]

– Radio (ORF, Ö1) [german]

– FWF  Scilog [english]

– FWF pars pro toto 2015 [german/english]


Selection of featured articles

2015. Schnell, P. “Behind the scenes. Family involvement and educational achievement of second-generation Turks in Austria, France and Sweden”. Comparative Migration Studies 3 (10). DOI 10.1186/s40878-015-0013.

2014. Schnell, P. “The social wellbeing of second-generation Turks in two Austrian cities”. Migration Letters 11 (3): 300-315.

2014. Schnell, P. and M. Crul. “Inclusive education for children of immigrants: The Turkish second generation in Sweden, the Netherlands and Austria”. In: Migrant, Roma and Post-Colonial Youth in Education across Europe: Being ‘Visibly Different’, edited by J. Szalai and C. Schiff. 34-50. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.